Metrics with Prometheus

Metrics in Fission

Fission exposes metrics in the Prometheus standard, which can be readily scraped and used using a Prometheus server and visualized using Grafana. The metrics help monitor the state of the Functions as well as the Fission components.


Prometheus is a monitoring and alerting tool. It uses a multi-dimensional data model with time series data identified by metric name and key/value pairs.

Fission exposes metrics which are pulled and operated by Prometheus at regular intervals.


Grafana is a visualization tool which can query, visualize, alert on and understand metrics. It supports Prometheus as it’s data source.

Setting up

There are different ways to install Prometheus. It can be installed and run in and outside containers. Since Fission itself runs in Kubernetes, we’ll use the Prometheus Operator which is a way of installing Prometheus as Kubernetes Custom Resource.


Install Prometheus and Grafana

This step will install a new Prometheus and Grafana setup using the kube-prometheus-stack Helm chart. If you want to import Fission metrics into your existing setup, you can skip this step and go to the next one: Enabling Prometheus Service Monitors and Grafana Dashboards in Fission

We’ll install Prometheus and Grafana in a namespace named monitoring.

To create the namespace, run the following command in a terminal:

export METRICS_NAMESPACE=monitoring
kubectl create namespace $METRICS_NAMESPACE

Install Prometheus and Grafana with the release name fission-metrics.

helm repo add prometheus-community
helm repo update
helm install prometheus prometheus-community/kube-prometheus-stack -n monitoring

This will install Prometheus and Grafana in the monitoring namespace. Along with the Prometheus server, it’ll also install other components viz. node-exporter, kube-state-metrics and alertmanager.

Enabling Prometheus Service Monitors and Grafana Dashboards in Fission

You’ll need to enable service monitors which will scrape metrics from Fission components. You can also import example dashboards provided by the fission chart. Save the following yaml file as values.yaml or add these lines to your existing custom values.yaml

Note: For an existing Prometheus setup, change the namespace and additional labels based on the namespace and release name of your kube-prometheus-stack chart respectively.

  enabled: true
  namespace: "monitoring"
    release: "prometheus"
  enabled: true
  namespace: "monitoring"
    release: "prometheus"
  namespace: "monitoring"
    enable: true
helm upgrade fission fission-charts/fission-all --namespace fission -f values.yaml

Accessing Grafana UI

The installation creates a Service named prometheus-grafana. To access this, you can use Kubernetes port forwarding

kubectl --namespace monitoring port-forward svc/prometheus-grafana 3000:80

Grafana dashboard can be now accessed on http://localhost:3000.

To log in to the Grafana dashboard, enter admin in the username field.

For password, you’ll need to run the following command:

kubectl get secret --namespace monitoring prometheus-grafana -o jsonpath="{.data.admin-password}" | base64 --decode ; echo

This installation also adds Prometheus as a data source for Grafana automatically. You can verify and update this in the Data Sources section of the UI.

Metrics Queries

Once Prometheus is configured, we can now run queries in Grafana over Fission metrics. Individual queries can be run under Explore section.

Fission exposes a set of metrics. For example to query the total number of function calls, run


Calls for a specific function can be queried using


To track the duration of a specific function


There are a few more Fission metrics available which are listed in Metrics Reference

Fission Dashboard

With Grafana, visuals dashboards can be created to monitor multiple metrics in an organized way.

You can refer to the two dashboards in the Fission Helm chart Fission user dashboard and Fission admin dashboard that shows metrics from all the major components of Fission.

Once imported with the earlier step Enabling Prometheus Service Monitors and Grafana Dashboards in Fission, the dashboards will look similar to images below.

Fission user dashboard

Fission admin dashboard

View the list of all Fission dashboards posted over time.

Last modified September 19, 2022: Update dashboard images (#204) (0e6c1b1)